Friday, April 6, 2018

Introduction to GIT


  1. Getting a Git Repository
  2. Recording Changes to the Repository
  3. Viewing the Commit History
  4. Working with Remotes

1 Getting a Git Repository

This guide contains the basic commands required to work with Git.

How to get a Git repository

You can get a Git repository in two ways:

  • turn a local directory into a Git repository
  • get a copy of an existing repository
Initializing a Repository in an Existing Directory

You have a project directory, not under version control, you want to control with Git

  • go to the directory of the project
  • type git init

The git init command create a .git subdirectory that contains the files required by the Git repository.

Cloning an Existing Repository

To get a copy of an existing Git repository use the clone command

  • you can clone a project's repository you want to contribute to.

For example, you can clone the Oracle's First Cup Java Tutorial with the following command:

  • $ git clone
  • it is said that the command pulls down or check out a working copy of the latest version

To clone the Oracle's First Cup Java Tutorial in a target directory of your choice use the command:

  • $ git clone firstCupJavaTutorial

Saturday, March 17, 2018

Introduzione a Git

1. Introduzione

Git e' un sistema di version control ( Lo scopo di Git e' quello di tener traccia di tutti i cambiamenti effettuati all'interno di un progetto software in modo da assicurare sempre una versione di backup delle versioni precedenti. In questo modo, se qualcosa va storto, e' possibile invertire le modifiche e ripristinare il precedente stato funzionante del software.
A differenza degli altri sistemi di versionamento, quasi tutte le operazioni in Git non hanno bisogno di una connessione internet, perché sono operazioni che avvengono su disco locale. Git salva lo storico completo del progetto direttamente su disco locale e recuperare una vecchia versione di un file dalla history é una operazione istantanea. Anche le commit avvengono sul database locale
Git vs GitHub

Git e GitHub sono due cose diverse: GitHub e' un servizio online basato su Git, ma non e' indispensabile per usare Git e creare un repository. GitHub permette di hostare online un repository creato con Git e condividerlo con altri sviluppatori.
L'hosting pubblico su GitHub e' gratuito, l'hosting privato e' a pagamento. Per questo motivo gli sviluppatori usano altri servizi online per condividere repository Git, come e
Le aree di lavoro di Git

Git e' composto da quattro aree di lavoro:

Il luogo dove lo sviluppatore crea e modifica il codice del progetto e' rappresentato dalla working directory di Git, che contiene i file che andranno a costituire il repository Git.

Friday, February 23, 2018

Enterprise Beans

Enterprise beans run in the EJB container:

  • the EJB container is a runtime environment within a Java application server
  • the EJB container provides system-level services to enterprise beans such as transactions and security


  1. What Is an Enterprise Bean?
  2. What Is a Session Bean?
  3. What Is a Message-Driven Bean?

1 What Is an Enterprise Bean?

An enterprise bean is a server-side component that contains the application's business logic

  • for example, in an auction application, the AuctionManager enterprise bean implements the business logic in the methods named createAuction, placeBid, closeAuction.
1.1 Benefits of Enterprise Beans

Enterprise beans simplify the development of large applications:

  • the EJB container, not the developer, is responsible for system level services such as transaction management and security authorization
  • the beans not the clients contain the business logic, the clients only contain the presentation. As a consequence, application clients are thinner
  • enterprise beans are portable, they are portable accross any compliant Java EE server and developers can build new applications from existing beans
1.2 When to Use Enterprise Beans

You should consider using enterprise beans if your application has any of the following requirements:

  • the application must be scalable to support more users and you need to distribute application's components to multiple machines
  • transactions must ensure data consistency
  • application will be accessed by a variety of clients
1.3 Types of Enterprise Beans

There are two types of enterprise beans, which fulfill different purposes:

  • Session: a session bean performs a task for a client
  • Message-driven: a message-driven bean acts as a listener for messages

Tuesday, January 16, 2018

Introduction to Java Platform, Enterprise Edition

Companies need distributed, transactional and portable applications: enterprise java applications fulfill the business logic for the enterprise.

Java platform provides APIs to developers and shortens developement time

The Java Community Process (JCP) writes Java Specification Requests (JSRs) to define the Java EE technologies

The Java EE 7 platform simplifies the programming model:

  • Developers can use annotations in Java source files, instead of optional XML deployment descriptors. The Java EE server reads annotations and configures components at deployment and runtime
  • With dependency Injection, required resources can be injected in component, instead of using JNDI lookup code. Dependency injection can be used in any container type: EJB container, web container and application client container. The container is aware of annotations and inject references to other component/resource

1 Java EE Application Model

Java EE applications implement enterprise services for customers, access data from different sources and distribute applications to a variety of clients

The business functions of Java enterprise applications are in the middle tier: the middle tier is usually on a dedicated server hardware.

The Java application model architecture implements the customer's services as multitier applications

The Java model partitions the work in two parts:

  • business logic and presentation implemented by developers
  • standard services provided by Java EE platform

Friday, October 20, 2017

Java EE Component Model

1 Component-Based Development

The Java EE platform supports component-based development
  • component-based development is based on the principle of loose coupling
  • loosely coupled systems are easy to test and maintain

2 Java EE Components

A Java EE component is a group of classes and interfaces that implements a single functionality

  • a component is assembled into a Java EE application, with its related classes and files
The java EE specifications define different types of components:
  • Application clients and applets are components that run on the client.
  • Java Servlet, JavaServer Faces, and JavaServer Pages (JSP) technology components are web components that run on the server.
  • EJBs components (enterprise beans) and Entity classes are business components that run on the server.

Friday, September 15, 2017

Requirements of Java EE 7 Enterprise Applications

The Java EE technology elements

Java EE specifications incorporates a group of other technologies and specifications to provide server-side functionalities for enterprise application developers

  • application components: these components allow creation of application business logic and control elements
  • integration: integration elements allow to interact with the functionalities from other applications and systems
  • container management: these elements provide runtime support for Java EE application components

Monday, August 28, 2017

Creating a Simple Maven Project

Generating a simple project with Maven and Eclipse

To generate a project with maven from command line:

 mvn -B archetype:generate \
-DarchetypeGroupId=org.apache.maven.archetypes \
-DarchetypeArtifactId=maven-archetype-quickstart \
-DgroupId=com.mycompany.application \
-DartifactId=maven-project \
-Dpackage=com.mycompany.application \
  • the maven command mvn archetype:generate executes the generate goal of the archetype plugin
  • an archetype is defined as a "model from which similar thing are patterned; a prototype"
  • when you run the archetype:generate goal you pass the goal parameter: archetypeArtifactId=maven-archetype-quickstart
  • you can select the maven archetypes that fits your purpose
  • the maven-archetype-quickstart is the most basic archetype to create a java project